In March 1872, the Torpedoversuchs-Kommission (Torpedo Testing Commission) recommended to Pöck that a new warship should be built to use the Whitehead torpedo that had been developed in Austria-Hungary in the 1860s. This new cruiser would become the Zara class. [3] In 1937, the aft 100 mm mounts were replaced by 37 mm/54 caliber Bredas[10] more useful for close defense, and in 1940, the 40 mm Vickers were replaced by 37 mm Bredas, also. Having no use for the vessels, the Italians immediately sold all three to ship breakers. Several other innovations, such as more powerful boilers improved Bolzano’s design. She shared the light construction of her sisters and the improved technology of the Zaras. Just better. Gorizia survived until she was taken over by the Germans after Italy left the war in 1943. [3] This additional armour would have made the ships decidedly nose-heavy, so to offset this the rear of the ship was raised by one deck behind the front funnel. All four ships of the class saw completion by late 1932 and subsequently entered service with the Italian Navy. The gun layout was identical, but it adopted the improved, high-caliber 203mm gun of the Zaras. ザラ級重巡、ザラ! 抜錨します! 艦隊前に、行きます! Joining the Fleet Play: Tenaciously! With these traits together, Bolzano cut through the waves at a top spee… Barrels for Italian Heavy Cruiser. Discover (and save!) On 30 January, Shipbuilding Engineer Andressen began working on the projet, which at that time included a pair of 24 cm (9.4 in) guns in an armored casemate. You could also do … [16], Owing to their poor performance and slow speed, the Zara-class cruisers did not see significant service with the fleet. [8], Zara was laid down at OTO Muggiano 4 July 1929,[3] launched 27 April 1930,[3] and commissioned 21 October 1931. Los cruceros pesados de la Clase Zara fueron una clase de cruceros construidos para la Regia Marina Italiana, entre finales de los años 20 y principio de los 30.Fueron considerados como uno de los mejores tipos de su categoría y diseño. The removal of the superstructure made placement of radar difficult, and in the end none of the class would ever carry one. The Austro-Hungarian Navy and its primary opponent, the Italian Navy, both adopted cautious strategies, since neither wanted to risk its fleet in the narrow waters of the Adriatic Sea, where naval mines and fast, torpedo-armed craft could operate effectively. [6] All these guns were reasonably modern, especially at their time, even if not outstanding performers. After Pola (in company with Fiume and Zara, serving as escort to the battleship Vittorio Veneto) was hit by a torpedo from a TSR Swordfish from Formidable, which stopped her, the rest of the 1st Division (at this time Gorizia was in reserve) ran in to protect her. (as built) 4 × 40mm/39 caliber Vickers-Terni Model 1915 (4x1)[5] AA Detail and Conversion sets. One odd feature was the aircraft catapult on the bow, which made it impossible to prepare for launch while firing, perhaps a minor consideration. The Trento and Trieste had a less advanced model, firing a 110 kg to  29,000 m. The downside to the new gun was a greater dispersion of shots and barrel wear than normal. These included one 12 cm (4.7 in) 40-cal. The Piaggio P.6bis originally carried was later replaced by M.41s, CANT 25ARs, MF6s, and in 1938, by Ro.43s. Sep 23, 2019 - Italian heavy cruiser "Fiume" was a Zara class cruiser. All three ships were seized as war prizes by the victorious Allied powers after the war in 1918, and all three were awarded to Italy in 1920. Despite arriving after the construction of the Zara class, Bolzano’s structure was nearly identical to the Trento Class cruisers. On trials, Zara reached a speed of 14.29 knots (26.47 km/h; 16.44 mph) from 1,800 metric horsepower (1,800 ihp), by far the fastest member of the class, though still below her design speed. Zieten proved to be fast and maneuverable, qualities that made her well-suited to training and development of the German torpedo warfare arm. They were equipped with the 203 mm/L53 (8 in) guns of 25 tonnes each[5] and were fitted in pairs in Ansaldo turrets. May 8, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Winston Gould. The Genova-class was a class of Italian Heavy Cruiser, compromising 2 ships, the Regina Marina Genova, and the Spanish Galicia. Sortieing! In addition, the engines and boilers used in Zara and her sister ships could not tolerate as high a pressure as those in Zieten, and their boilers consumed coal excessively. Intended to reach a speed of at least 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph), none of the vessels were able to steam that fast. ZARA was the lead ship of 4 Zara class italian cruisers. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. [12], All three ships received several 47 mm (1.9 in) guns in the mid-1880s; these included a Hotchkiss revolver cannon on their bows and four single-barrel quick-firing guns. 8 × 8-inch (203-mm) / 53 Model 1929 guns (4x2)[2][3] 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Second Upgrade 4 Quotes 4.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 4.2 Seasonal Quotes 5 Notes 6 Trivia 7 CG 8 See Also Zara Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 36 (58) Armor 36 (54) Torpedo 0 (28) Evasion 33 (59) AA 18 (62) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 10 (36) Range Long Luck 10 (48) Resource Consumption Fuel 45 Ammo 60 Build Time … In January 1877, Romako took over the design process in 1878, and prepared the design for Zara, construction of which began on 1 August that year. Pöck decided that the new vessel should incorporate the twin-screw, 15-knot requirement from the Schiffbau-Kommission proposal. [14] Sebenico was similarly modified in 1903; in addition to two 12 cm guns, she acquired one 6.6 cm gun, four 47 mm 33-cal. There had been a move to design a 15,000-ton cruiser, but this was not possible because of treaty restrictions. By 1901, man of these guns had been removed, leaving just two 12 cm guns, one 6.6 cm (2.6 in) gun, two 47 mm 44-cal. Construction began in the 1920s as part of the Regia Marina’s plan to construct six heavy cruisers. gun, two 15 cm (5.9 in) 26-cal. Turrets and barbettes were as well protected by over 100 mm armour. Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, pointed out that such a vessel would have to be very large to allow it to reach high enough speeds for it to be able to use torpedoes effectively. Although equipped with powerful armament, hits against them would likely penetrate the armour and knock the ships out of combat. The Zara-class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the early 1930s, considered by many to be one of the best cruiser designs of World War II. In that year, her armour had the only opportunity to display its effectiveness, when this ship was hit by three bombs, launched by American bombers, but the main deck resisted them all and the ship continued to fire against the high-flying bombers. The torpedo tubes were located singly, two in the bow and at either beam in deck-mounted launchers. R.N. A typical Washington design had 76 mm in its armour belt, and less on other areas of the ship. Cruiser Zara-class, Pola type. To supplement their steam engines, each vessel had an auxiliary sailing barquentine rig with two masts and a sail area of 275.6 m2 (2,967 sq ft). They were too slow to be used as fleet scouts or flotilla leaders, and their gun armament was too weak for them to be able to protect torpedo boats from torpedo-boat destroyers. During World War I, all three vessels were used as guard ships, but none saw action. Fiume Heavy Cruiser, Zara Class Tauro Model 1:400 201 + Actions Stash. Through the 1870s, the Marinekommandant (Navy Commander) of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, Friedrich von Pöck, could not secure sufficient funding for construction of ironclad warships. These thicknesses were reasonably good against destroyer and light cruiser weapons (typically between 5 in {127 mm} and 6 in {150 mm}), but insufficient against the 120 kg shells that 203 mm fired, capable of piercing even 150 mm at medium range. [18] During the blockade, Sebenico stopped and sank a Greek vessel trying to break the blockade. The ship would be capable of a speed of at least 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) from a twin-screw propulsion system, and it would not be equipped with a sailing rig. [3] She was joined by Fiume, laid down at Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino on 29 April 1929, launched 27 April 1930, and completed 23 November 1931; Pola at OTO Livorno, laid 17 March 1931, launched 5 December 1931, and completed 21 December 1931;[3] and Gorizia, launched 28 December 1930 at OTO Livorno. Later she was able to reach La Spezia, but the damage to the mid-ship was heavy, with almost all the structures over the armor belt devastated and a 100 mm (3.9 in) turret thrown into the sea. [2][3], The Schiffbau-Kommission recommended building a ship with heavy armor to protect it from enemy fire, one or two 10-centimeter (3.9 in) guns in the bow, deck-mounted launchers for the Whitehead torpedoes, and towed torpedoes to be used defensively against ramming. During the late 1930s, the … Valiant, astonishingly,[12] scored with her first salvo. 199x | New tool + Actions Stash. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Zara-class cruiser (Italy) on pronouncekiwi. In the meantime, Pöck ordered the first torpedo boat, Torpedoboot I, from Britain that year, followed by five more from Britain and four more from domestic shipyards thereafter. [5] The result was excellent watertight integrity and protection.[9]. [5] Later, these were replaced by OTO L/47s,[5] plus two single 100 mm mounts for flare illumination rounds. [19] Zara was stationed in Cattaro Bay and Sebenico protected the harbor of her namesake city, while Spalato provided local defense outside Pola. [8], France immediately responded with a new heavy cruiser of her own, Algérie, which was a close match for the Zaras when she launched in 1934. To install click the Add extension button. Background on Zara Class Cruisers. Andressen prepared three more designs, as seen in the table below. The changes made to Sebenico during construction were meant to address the problem, but she was unable to reach her design speed either. The launchers would be supplied with six torpedoes each. She was 64.91 m (213 ft 0 in) overall and 57.2 m (188 ft) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 8.24 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in). In 1897, Spalato became assigned to the artillery school, while Zara was recommissioned for use in the torpedo school. [11][15] In 1917, Zara's armament consisted of two 6.6 cm guns, four 47 mm 33-cal. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. The first two ships of the class, Zara and Fiume were ordered under the 1928–1929 construction programme, with a third ship, Gorizia ordered as part of the 1929–30 p… 26 March, Pöck held a meeting to discuss the proposals but with speed sacrificed to improve protection [! 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