Tags: Question 7 ... Quizzes you may like . Explain why the Aztecs first accepted Cortes. Diseases in Aztecs times can be split up into two sections - before the Spaniards and after the Spaniards. The Spanish had a technological advantage large enough Spanish sources have claimed that 20,000 humans were sacrificed as part of a single dedication ceremony in Tenochtitlán in 1487. It is believed by some that the Aztecs may have thought of the Spanish as gods and this would explain why the text describes an event in which the Aztecs began making human sacrifices to Cort ” es and his men. Ghurricane87. Huitzilopochtli (pronounced Weetz-ee-loh-POSHT-lee) was the … Symbols of the sun, the eagle, the feathered serpent and cactus were used in the Aztec writing system, in dates and time and in titles and names. answer choices . The Aztec used pictographs to communicate through writing. As the story goes, the Aztec believed in a white, bearded god named Quetzalcoatl, who, long ago, had disappeared into the east. Thanks 0. Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. But to the astonishment of the Spaniards, no force is needed. The religion of the Aztec civilization which flourished in ancient Mesoamerica (1345-1521 CE) has gained an infamous reputation for bloodthirsty human sacrifice with lurid tales of the beating heart being ripped from the still-conscious victim, decapitation, skinning and dismemberment. The need for nourishment was imminent, because this god was keeping the universe going, and without nourishment the universe was in danger. When Cortes and his crew of Spaniards came ashore in Mexico in 1519, many thought they were gods. One of the first things the Spaniards enforced to the locals was that they must cease these religious practices, along with the Aztecs belief for their gods, their calendar, and even their myths. Favorite Answer. This change in rules enforced by the Spaniards effectively put an end to one of the most unique traits of the ancient Aztecs, their offering of sacrifices to their gods. For that reason, many statues and carvings exist of the Aztec gods, as hideous as they may be to modern eyes. Before he left, however, he promised to return. This story was first reported by Pedro Cieza de León (1553) and later by Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa. All of these things did happen but it is important to remember that for the Aztecs the act of sacrifice - of which human sacrifice was only a part - was a strictly … Some of the pictures symbolized ideas and others represented the sounds of the syllables. Huitzilopochtli attained this central position after the founding of Tenochtitlan and the formation of the Mexica city-state society in the 14th century. The Aztecs centered their lives on their religion. The Aztecs decided it was time for the Spanish to leave. Alvarez had a red beard which may have reminded people of their red-skinned god. By Aug. 13, 1521, Cortés had taken the capital city of Tenochtitlán, the climax of … Instead they were either killed or enslaved. The Aztec emperor at the time, Moctezuma, seemed uncertain how to react and may even have believed that the appearance of the Spanish marked the fulfillment of a prophecy.It was the height of the harvest season, when the Aztecs normally did not wage war; thus, Moctezuma invited Cortes to … Why won't Moctezuma lift a finger against the Spanish? The Aztecs might have thought that the Spaniards were gods 0.0 0 votes 0 votes Rate! The Spanish were … 10 Answers. Captain Cook, another that, if the last Aztec king, Cuauhtemoc, had met with better fortune, the Aztecs might have "embarked upon their own version of the Meiji era in Japan. The Aztecs thought the conquistadors, with their beards, white skin, shiny armor, horses, and ships, were gods who were returning to claim their lands. Unless they appeased the sun god, the Aztecs believed that the sun might not rise the next morning. thought he was a god: What types of things did Aztecs believe caused sickness? The purpose of sacrifices under the law of Moses was to worship or give thanks to god. When the explorers first came to America. The Aztecs welcomed the Spanish believing they were gods. In return, the Spanish murdered them. guns. They did not attend the sacrifice ceremonies that were given in their honor. He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus' New World explorations. This first group of Spaniards were not exalted as being gods and given a god’s rightful place on top of a throne. The Aztec spoke a language called Nahuatl (pronounced NAH waht l). "Aztlan" means "place of the herons" in the Nahuatl language. The purpose of human sacrifice was to nourish Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec sun god. the Spanish were not gods. the Spanish would appreciate their sacrfices. The exact scale of human sacrifice in the Aztec religion is unknown. I'm not excusing the Aztecs and their human sacrifices (anyone would agree that's wrong), I'm saying the Spanish were worse, because while what the Aztecs did was out of ignorance what the Spanish did was out of greed and wanton malice. I believe that Moctezuma though Cortes was a God. The Spanish did not act like gods. Before the Spaniards "discovered" South America (the area that the Aztecs were living in), the major disease that affected the Aztecs was syphilis, which is an STI (sexually transmitted infection). Relevance. Columbus had set sail hoping to … Historians still debate whether this is true or not, but Montezuma's attitude suggests he thought, at least at the start, that the Spanish were of divine origin. While the Spaniards believed that this was because of his rank and attractiveness, the Aztecs likely had other reasons for comparing them. It’s quite easy to speculate why the Aztec would think of the Spanish as gods because they had never seen such humans before. Lv 4. Rate! By the time of the Spanish arrival, the Aztecs were at a highly developed cultural stage, and human sacrifice rituals were fully established, regular, and took place on a massive scale. They developed the idea that the gods were nourished better by the living hearts of the captives. Aztecs sacrificing to the gods: Codex Tudela, folio 76 (Click on image to enlarge) Food: The principal food of the Aztec was a thin cornmeal pancake called a tlaxcalli. 20 Qs . Huitzilopochtli, Father of the Aztecs. 18 Qs . At age 14, Cortés was sent to study law at the University of Salamanca, but he was restless and unhappy. When the Christian Spaniards came to conquer the Aztecs, they were shocked by the human sacrifices the Aztecs would offer up to the gods. Columbus had landed at San Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492, when Cortés was a young boy. It was believed that sacrifice led to a privileged afterlife and some Aztecs themselves became victims, but captives were most commonly used for this purpose. Veneration of Huitzilopochtli, the personification of the sun and of war, was central to the religious, social, and political practices of the Mexica people. It belongs to a large group of Indian languages, which also include the languages spoken by the Comanche, Pima, Shoshone and other tribes of western North America. Identify the country which conquered Peru. The Aztec peoples included different ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th centuries. Often the term "Aztec" refers just to the people of Tenochtitlan. as good as Spanish ones: What was ancient Aztec medicine a combination of? The name "Aztec" comes from the phrase "people from Aztlan". They believed that a pale-skinned god would one day return for his lands and they thought that he was that god. (It was said that Huitzilopochtli killed his nep… First the purpose of the sacrifice. In November 1519 when Cortes approaches Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztecs, his small force is augmented by 1000 Tlaxtalecs. The Aztecs believed god provided things for humans only if the gods were nourished by them. 10 Qs . If the captive was brave, the better the sacrifice. angry gods,enemies black magic, and natural causes: How good were Aztec doctors? "4 4 The obvious explanation for conquest, many would argue, is technology. The Aztecs were Native American people who lived in Mesoamerica.They ruled the Aztec Empire from the 14th century to the 16th century.. the Spanish were gods. The Aztecs believed in a multiple-deity universe, with different gods who reigned over different aspects of Aztec society, serving and responding to Aztec specific needs. Especially for the Aztec-Spanish relation. They believed that the god would turn against them if they didn’t give human sacrifices. would make them wealthy. Cortes and Montezuma: 1519-1520: The Aztec emperor, Montezuma II, has had plenty of warning of the arrival of the fair-skinned bearded strangers. p. 8. What might the Aztec have inferred about the Spaniards and their civilization? The Aztecs believed _____. The Spanish were horrified by the idea that the Aztecs believed in deities that frequently expected blood and hearts from their worshippers, especially when these were obtained in such a brutal way. Answer Save. Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, beginning in 1509, Montezuma believed that there were eight omens predicting the end of the Aztec civilization, the end of the world. because they had never seen anyone like them. Spanish chroniclers from the 16th century claimed that when the conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro first encountered the Incas they were greeted as Gods, "Viracochas", because their lighter skin resembled their God Viracocha. According to myth, Huitzilopochtli directed the wanderers to found a city on the site where they would see an eagle devouring a snake perched on a fruit-bearing nopal cactus. He was the only son of noble, though not wealthy, parents. Guided Questions (1) What is one reason why you might believe that Moctezuma welcomed Cortés into the Aztec capital? Although the Aztecs soon learned that the Spaniards were not gods—and that the invaders and their horses could be decapitated in battle—their arrival spelled disaster for them and their god Huitzilopochtli. They did not want to kill them because they might be gods after all, but the Aztecs wanted them to move along. Why did the Native American Indians think the European explorers were gods? ... A major advantage the Spaniards had over the Inca (were / was) _____. Incas . Get the answers you need, now! 1 decade ago. The Aztecs (/ ˈ æ z t ɛ k s /) were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521. 2.6k plays . Legends say that Aztlan was the first place the Aztecs ever lived. 1.8k plays . (In Spanish, it is called a tortilla.) (2) What is one reason why you might NOT believe that Moctezuma welcomed Cortés? The last of the eight omens in 1517 reported to Montezuma, was the sighting of “men with two heads”. Incas, Mayans, Aztecs . Comments; Report ... ailed to sense O Some Jews believed the Nazis would be more tolerant of non-Aryans eventually. 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