Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? The Moors remained in the area until 1492 despite several attempts to push them out. Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, Spain has numerous stretches of coastline that are extremely crowded, especially in summer. The Rio Guadalquivir is one of the most significant rivers in Spain because it irrigates a fertile valley, thus creating a rich agricultural area, and because it is navigable inland, making Seville the only inland river port for ocean-going traffic in Spain. The Meseta Central ("Inner Plateau") is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain, which has elevations that range from 610 to 760 m. Rimmed by mountains, the Meseta Central slopes gently to the west and to the series of rivers that form some of the border with Portugal. SPAIN IS A COUNTRY located in southwestern Europe, occupying with PORTUGAL the Iberian Peninsula. The provinces of Tarragona, Barcelona, and Girona have a Mediterranean shoreline, and the low-lying Catalanides range separates the coastal plain from the Ebro river basin. This book is the most comprehensive reference to the regional geography of Spain, considering emergent issues such as climate change and nationalism. The Cordillera Cantábrica, a limestone formation, runs parallel to, and close to, the northern coast near the Bay of Biscay. Today, Spain is governed as a parliamentary monarchy with an executive branch made up of a chief of state (King Juan Carlos I) and a head of government (the president). The Andalusian Plain is essentially a wide river valley through which the Río Guadalquivir flows. This time ended with the establishment of the Second Republic in 1931. Roman settlement in Spain lasted until the seventh century but many of their settlements were taken over by the Visigoths, who arrived in the fifth century. Spain also borders FRANCE and ANDORRA, and is bounded by the ATLANTIC OCEAN and by the MEDITERRANEAN SEA. Furthermore, large areas of the Mediterranean are affected by saltwater intrusion. The climate of Spain is temperate with hot summers and cold winters inland and cloudy, cool summers and cool winters along the coast. Supply problems regularly occur in the Jucar basin during summer. On the mainland, the mountains of Spain are the second highest in Europe. Geography of Spain The physical geography of Spain is varied. It has coastlines on the Bay of Biscay (a part of the Atlantic Ocean) and the Mediterranean Sea. However, it also has territory in Morocco, the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, islands off the coast of Morocco, as well as the Canary Islands in the Atlantic and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. The city is locally right at the heart of the Iberian Peninsula atop the undulation plateau at an elevation, which makes it one of the highest capitals in Europe. It is the 12th largest economy in the world and the country is known for its high standard of living and quality of life. In the Segura basin, water scarcity has resulted in an increase of the water prices by 30% for households. A lesson that focuses on the physical geography of Spain, including looking at the rivers, seas and terrain. With a land area of 504,782 square kilometres (194,897 sq mi) in the Iberian peninsula,[1] Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe (behind France), and the fourth largest country in the European continent (behind Russia, Ukraine, and France). The reason for the removal of the two climate maps used for the article Geography of Spain. 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